The Merino breed is a sheep that was bred for the first time in Spain and is adapted to living in semi- arid conditions.. The breed has been exported and accepted in many countries around the world, due to its great utility. Since the merino breed is the best and the most exceptional in terms of wool production. However, over time, it is also becoming popular for its meat and milk. For this reason, from the Merino breed, we tell you the main products that can be obtained from this sheep , since, for many, they are still unknown.

 

Merino wool production

Unlike synthetics that are produced industrially from non-renewable fossil energy, it can be said that this type of wool is completely natural and renewable.. comes out of some natural fibers that Merino sheep grow on their hair year-round and consume a simple mix of natural ingredients including sunlight, water, fresh air and grass. Each year these sheep produce new hair, making wool a completely renewable fiber.

It is the oldest known animal fiber and is composed of a natural protein called keratin ., the same protein found in human hair, with a small amount of calcium, sodium and fat. The surface of each fiber is covered in scales, which are important in making traditional wool felts and fabrics.

lana raza merina

On the other hand, merino wool , along with alpaca and cashmere, has a unique scale structure., with different patterns depending on the animal they come from. Cellulosic fibers (cotton, silk, and linen) and synthetic fibers like polyester do not have these unique scales. These scales are important for protection, for the behavior of the felt and the handling of finished products as clothing. They also provide a natural surface waterproof. Also, merino wool can be softer than cashmere and smoother than silk.

In summary, the advantages of this type of wool is that it is natural, renewable and easy to maintain.. Since they are produced by a living organism, and therefore grow spontaneously, without the need for human intervention.

Merino breed milk production

The merino sheep ‘s ability to produce milk has always been very low because it has been exploited in a widely extensive regime. So much so that sometimes it has not been enough to feed the young in its first age. However, it began to practice of ‘dubbing’, which consists of assigning two mothers to each of the surviving lambs. This allowed for more sheep to be milked.

sala de ordeño

In general, the lactation period of the Merino breed is divided into two phases. The first is from 60 days , which corresponds to the lamb ‘s rearing period , and the other goes from 50 to 70 days , aimed at milking. The Average production of milk obtained per sheep per year can be calculated between 40 and 50 litres.

For this reason, one of the advantages of farming Merino sheep is that it produces high-quality milk , which is used for the production of cheeses with characteristic flavours.

Merino meat production

Merino meat production has begun to grow in recent years, as a result of improvements in reproductive factors , the viability of offspring , and the speed of muscle and fat growth.

Targeting genetics with superior traits in fat and muscle capacity has the ability to increase, even double, the production rate of merino lambs. In addition to diversifying its business to meet consumer demands, improve the production and quality of wool and milk and, at the same time, offer top quality cuts of lamb.

Merino sheep meat is obtained from young calves (60 to 90 days) and weighing around 20 – 25 kg.. This is how the meat comes out best, that meat from pink, tender and slightly oily. However, a curious fact is that, for market reasons, lower weights are valued at higher prices.

carne raza merina

Among the characteristics of Merino meat, we find the following: it has an excellent texture, fat content, mainly in males, reaches levels lower than those of other breeds, it is much more tender than other types of meat. In addition, it makes the traditional and strong flavors of the meat disappear, providing a much smoother and different flavor and juiciness, which come from the proper distribution and quality of the fat.

Now that you know the main products with their characteristics and complete processes, it’s time to take action! Do not doubt contact us for any questions or concerns , or simply to obtain any of these products.